What is a Phrase?
A phrase is a group of words that make a meaningful unit. It will not have a subject and verb in it.
Eg. in the morning
This phrase tells us about the time of an action, but there isn’t a subject or a verb. We can add another group of words to make it complete.
Eg. Tom goes to school in the morning.
What is a Clause?
A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb.
There are two basic kinds of clauses.
a. Independent Clauses
b. Dependent Clauses
An independent clause has a subject and a verb and it can stand on its own.
Eg. Alice really wanted potato soup, but they only offered Mexican chicken.
A dependent clause has a subject and a verb but it cannot stand on its own.
Eg. Before going to the school, Tom finished his homework.
Common dependent marker words are:
before, after, because, since, in order to, as, if, as if, even if, unless, until, whether, whenever, whatever, even though, although, though, when, and while.
There are two types of words that can be used as connectors at the beginning of an independent clause: coordinating conjunctions and independent marker words.
Coordinating conjunctions are: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. (FANBOYS)
Common independent marker words are:
also, consequently, furthermore, however, moreover, nevertheless, and therefore.
What is a Sentence?
A sentence is a group of words that contain a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought.
Types of sentences.
A declarative sentence states a fact and ends with a period / full stop.
Eg. Tom has a pet that follows him everywhere.
An imperative sentence is a command or a polite request. It ends with a period / full stop.
Eg. Be very careful when you handle pets.
An interrogative sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark.
Eg. Does Tom take his pet everywhere?
An exclamatory sentence expresses a strong feeling. It ends with an exclamation mark.
Eg. How smart Tom’s pet is!