Formation of Plurals
It is interesting to note that nouns and verbs form plurals in opposite ways.
When ‘–s’, ‘-es’, or ‘-ies’ is added, a verb becomes singular and a noun becomes plural.
Identify the subject
- The subject is usually a noun, a pronoun, a gerund, a phrase, or a clause.
- Tom drives the car. (noun)
- He enjoys teaching. (pronoun)
- Studying online is less expensive and more convenient. (gerund)
- Almost every sentence contains at least one grammatical error. (phrase)
- What Tom had done made all his friends angry with him. (clause)
If the verb expresses actions, like jump, write, or play, the subject is who does the action.
- Tom writes the exam.
- The boy jumped and fell into the ditch.
Some verbs like am, is, are, was, were, seem, and become, are linking verbs that connect the subject to something that is said about the subject.
- The river is flooded with muddy water.
- Tom met him in the shopping mall
- I will be there in an hour
A subject will come before a phrase beginning with of
- The first page of the book is missing.