Ending imparts meaning to beginning
“Did I teach today what I intended to teach? Has the student learned what I expected to have him learn?” Many teachers ask these questions to themselves after each class. They plan carefully and diligently design the beginning of a session to make it more impressive and effective. However, often the same class ends abruptly on a disappointing note as the process is not planned and executed well.
How we close a session is as important as how you open it. We just ignore it for two reasons: not aware of the benefits it would bring in for both the teacher and the student and not enough time left on the clock. Many teachers use different techniques at the start of a session to help the students focus and make their minds receptive to learning but fail to check at the end whether they have conceived the ideas and concepts taught.
Teachers can use the closure effectively to check for the student’s understanding, to inform subsequent instruction, to fill any gaps and to tie up loose ends. It is actually an opportunity for the tutor to make a formative assessment. Students find closure helpful for summarizing, reviewing, and demonstrating their understanding of the main ideas discussed. When they take the time to reflect, they deepen their learning. An effective and fruitful session will have this reflection in the lesson plan itself.
The closure assessment helps you to determine whether the student needs additional practice, or you need to go over the lesson again. It allows you to know that the time is right to move on to the next class/lesson. You can simply ask, “Are there any questions?” and close the session. Instead, ask the student to make a summary of the key areas that he has learned in the session. Look for areas of confusion that you can quickly clear up.
A lesson should begin with summarizing the goals of what is going to be learned. The lesson should end with a briefing over everything discussed in the session and asking if any questions.
Have a clear plan on what exactly you intend your student to do by the end, and how exactly he/she is going to show it. Keep this goal in your mind and design your steps leading up to that outcome.
A well-designed and successfully executed closure provides a smooth transition to the next class/lesson