Adjectives are of three degrees:
The adjectives, good and smart are in the positive degree. Better and smarter are in the comparative degree and best and smartest are superlatives.
The positive degree describes the mere quality of a single person, thing or idea. The comparative degree makes a comparison between two and the superlative compares more than two.
The three degrees are formed by following different methods.
- Add ‘er’ and ‘est’ : long – longer – longest
- Add ‘r’ and ‘st’ : large – larger – largest
- Delete the final ‘y’ and add ‘ier’ and ‘iest’ : easy – easier – easiest
- Doubling the final consonants : hot – hotter – hottest
- Using more and most : careful – more careful – most careful
- Irregular Comparisons : little – less – least
- Using …..As or not + as…..as : Tom’s dress is not as good as Jack’s.